ENJOINING GOOD and FORBIDDING EVIL
by Muhammad ibn Jameel Zainoo
They are the two basic pillars upon which a healthy society can be
built. These two are also the characteristics of the Muslim nation.
Allah the Exalted says:
You are the best of people ever raised up for mankind: you enjoin
good and forbid evil and you believe in Allaah. [Surah al-Imran
When we abandoned enjoining the good and forbidding the evil, society
decayed and the social and morality degenerated. this foundation of
social reform is not the concern of a few people; it is the duty of
every Muslim, man or woman, scholar or layman as everyone should do
his best in this fighting. The Prophet(sal'Allaahu alayhi wa salam)
Whoever sees a vice should stop it by hand, if possible, or by
tongue or (he should hate it) in his heart. This is the lowest (act)
of Faith. (Muslim)
MEANING OF ENJOINING GOOD AND FORBIDDING EVIL
1.Formal sermons of Fridays and 'Eid. The Khateeb (one who delivers
the sermon) can elaborate the vices.
2.Giving lectures and writing articles in magazines and papers, explaining
the diseases of the society and prescribing the remedies.
3.Publishing books in order to discuss the issues and convince people
of the inevitability of social reform.
4.Spontaneous preaching at gatherings where one can talk to a group
enjoin good or discourage a vice like smoking by explaining its harms
like spoiling one's money and health.
5.Advice: like the one advising his own son not to wear a gold ring
or warning someone not to abandon performing the prayers. One can also
advise someone who supplicates other than Allah to stop that practice.
6.Correspondence with others encouraging them to perform the prayers
timely and congregation ally in the mosque. People tend to read short
messages; so a letter can also be sent to someone on Zakat, Jihad, or
major sins such as invoking the dead for help etc.
QUALIFICATIONS OF A PREACHER
1. Kindness and tenderness are needed for successful conduct of this
type of work and to enable the human hearts (to) apreciate and accept
it. Allaah the Exalted said to Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron):
Go both of you to Pharoah verily he has transgressed
and speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or
fear Allaah. [Surah Taa Haa 20:43,44]
If you see someone abusing somebody and committing a blasphemous sin,
ask him to seek refuge with Allaah from Satan. Be polite and be tender
with him to teach him the right method. Show him that Allaah the Creator
deserves praises and not at all disbelief. he can be kindly taught to
know the gifts and graces of Allaah. Disbelief never profits; so one
has to repent to avoid the torment of the Fire in the Hereafter, let
alone the unhappiness in this world.
2.Halal and Haram (lawful and unlawful) must be well-known to whoever
wants to conduct encouraging good and discouraging vice, lest he should
3.One should practise what he says and must not contradict by what
he does. If his say is identical to what he does, people will be convinced
that the good will prevail. Allh the Exalted says:
Do you enjoin righteousness on the people and forget yourselves,
while you recite the Scripture! Have you then no sense? [Surah
4.Our intention behind encouraging the good and discouraging the evil
should be pure. our purpose should be simply the pleasure of Allaah
at the time we supplicate (for) Allaah to help us and help out our brothers
who commit vices. If we do so excuse(s) will be accepted by Allaah:
And when a community among them said: 'why do you preach to a
people whom Allaah is about to destroy or to punish with a severe torment?'
They (the preachers) said: 'in order to be free from guilt before your
lord (Allaah), and perhaps they may fear Allaah.'' [ Surah al-A'raf
Taken From: Islamic Guidelines for Individual
and Social Reform
By: Muhammad ibn Jameel Zaino